In the above instances, students are required to display their academic competence on a single high-stakes, "mastery of content" exam. Student participation in these academically rigorous classes has grown dramatically. However, as course enrollments have increased; so has the number of students who are struggling with the academic demands of these rigorous courses.
New strategies are required in order to reach students of all academic readiness, as well as teach a curriculum that possesses a vast amount of academic content. The ability to analyze, reflect and then re-analyze the original information is a skill that is difficult to learn for many students.